Applied Surface Science, Vol.481, 1566-1572, 2019
On a specific state of C-60 fullerene in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone solution: Mass spectrometric study
A solution of fullerene C-60 in N-methylpyrrolidone (NMP) presents a suitable system for obtaining fullerene's clusters with the tunable size. However, the mechanism of fullerenes interaction with polar NMP molecules is still elusive. Herein, we present the measured laser desorption/ionization mass spectra (LDI MS) of the precipitates produced from C-60/NMP solutions of different age in comparison with the typical spectra of C-60 crystallized from toluene and benzene. The distinctive characteristics of the C-60/NMP mass spectra were identified and carefully examined. The number of characteristic peaks and their relative intensities in the spectra strongly depend on the age of initial C-60/NMP solutions. This effect was attributed to the specific C-60-NMP interactions in the solution, namely to the formation of charge-transfer complexes of C-60 with NMP molecules followed by fullerene cluster formation. The results of additional measurements carried out by means of smallangle X-ray scattering (SAXS), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy together with the density functional theory (DFT) calculations are in accord with the proposed hypothesis.