Applied Surface Science, Vol.489, 725-733, 2019
Nitrogen-self doped activated carbon nanosheets derived from peanut shells for enhanced hydrogen evolution reaction
Herein, we demonstrate a facile synthesis of peanut shell-derived activated carbon nanosheets using a facile thermal technique aided by chemical activation process for improved hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). The obtained activated carbon nanosheets show a multilayer sheet-like morphology with a highly porous nature and possess a very high surface area of similar to 2338 m(2) g(-1). The physiochemical analysis reveals that the catalytically active sites are associated with the prepared activated carbon nanosheets. The as-prepared activated carbon material employs as a potential metal-free electrocatalyst for H-2 production under acidic electrolyte, exhibiting superior electrocatalytic performance with a less negative onset potential of 0.08 V Vs. RHE with low over-potential (eta) response, small Tafel slope, and long-term stability. The enhanced HER activity of the developed activated carbon is attributed to high BET specific surface area, high porous nature and two-dimensional structure, employing as an encouraging impeccable metal-free HER catalyst. For the first time, we have successfully analysed and reporting an excellent electrocatalytic activity towards H-2 production by activated carbon derived from peanut shell biomass.