Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.103, No.12, 5023-5037, 2019
Do different livestock dwellings on single grassland share similar faecal microbial communities?
Huge numbers of microorganisms reside in livestock faeces and constitute one of the most complex microbial ecosystems. Here, faecal microbial communities of three typical livestock in Xilingol steppe grassland, i.e. sheep, cattle, and horse, were investigated by Illumina MiSeq sequencing and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes comprised the majority of bacterial communities in three livestock faeces. Sordariomycetes, Leotiomycetes, and Dothideomycetes were dominant in fungal communities, as well as Methanobacteria and Methanomicrobia were dominant in archaeal communities in three livestock faeces. Similar fungal community dominated in these samples, with 95.51% of the sequences falling into the overlap of three livestock faeces. In contrast, bacterial communities were quite variable among three different livestock faeces, but a similar community was observed in sheep and cattle faeces. Nearly all the archaea were identified as methanogens, whilst the most diverse and abundant methanogens were detected in cattle faeces. Potential pathogens including Bacteroides spp., Desulfovibrio spp., and Fusarium spp. were also detected in livestock faeces. Overall, this study provides the first detailed microbial comparison of typical livestock faeces dwelling on single grassland, and may be help guide management strategies for livestock grazing and grassland restoration.