Applied Energy, Vol.242, 919-930, 2019
Plastic/rubber waste-templated carbide slag pellets for regenerable CO2 capture at elevated temperature
Plastic/rubber waste-templated carbide slag pellets were prepared via an extrusion-spheronization method for high-temperature CO2 capture. Four types of common plastic and rubber wastes (i.e. waste plastic bottle composed of polyethylene terephthalate, disposable plastic cup composed of polypropylene, waste plastic pipe composed of polyvinyl chloride and scrap tire composed of rubber, sulfur and carbon black) were selected as the templating materials. It is found that the addition of waste plastic pipe can cause inferior CO2 capture performance for carbide slag pellets (merely 0.123 g CO2/g sorbent after 25 cycles). It is mainly attributed to the deactivation of carbide slag pellets as a result of the interaction between CaO and the chlorine released from waste plastic pipe. The other chlorine-free plastic and rubber wastes are effective to improve the cyclic CO2 capture performance of carbide slag pellets via altering their porosities. Particularly, the carbide slag pellets doped with 5 wt% of waste plastic bottle exhibit the highest CO2 capture capacity of 0.277 g CO2/g sorbent after 25 cycles, compared to 0.218 g CO2/g sorbent for carbide slag pellets. Moreover, the pre-calcination atmosphere plays an important role on the cyclic CO2 uptake of plastic/rubber waste-templated pellets. The CO2 capture capability of plastic/rubber waste-templated pellets pre-calcined in air is inferior to that pre-calcined in N-2. It is mainly due to the heat released from the combustion of plastic or rubber wastes in air accelerates severe sintering for the plastic/rubber waste-templated carbide slag pellets.