Advanced Powder Technology, Vol.30, No.8, 1513-1521, 2019
Stage-wise characterization of the high shear granulation process by impeller torque changing rate
Fine cornstarch powders are wet granulated in a lab-scale high shear granulator. The torque required for maintaining the impeller passing through the bed with a constant rotating speed is monitored during the continuous binder addition granulation process. A new method is proposed to identify 6 stages during the granulation process based on the fraction of the positive impeller torque changing rate in a characteristic period of time. The morphologies and the behavior of the bed are found intrinsically different in the identified 6 stages. The influence of the impeller blade inclined angle on the impeller torque in each stage is initially reported. The impeller with planner 45 degrees blades requires higher torques in Stages I and II due to the overall powder bed mass loading. The impeller with steeper 60 degrees blades requires higher torques in Stages III and IV due to the higher collision frequencies between the blade and granules. The suitable granulation liquid binder to solid powder mass ratio can be readily identified in Stages II and III, and its range is found to increase with the increasing of the impeller rotational speed and is independent to the blade inclined angle. (C) 2019 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.