Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol.141, No.9, 3772-3776, 2019
Amino Acid-Assisted Construction of Single-Crystalline Hierarchical Nanozeolites via Oriented-Aggregation and Intraparticle Ripening
Hierarchical nanozeolites are highly desired for heavy oil conversion because of their fast mass transfer, good site accessibility, and short diffusion length compared with their conventional counterparts. Here, we provide a facile amino acid-assisted strategy to synthesize hierarchical ZSM-5 (MFI) zeolite nanocrystals by two-step crystallization in a concentrated gel system. Strikingly, each virus-like zeolite nanoparticle with abundant interconnected intracrystalline mesopores is a high-quality single crystal that is defect-free as confirmed by electron diffraction and NMR analysis. By utilizing advanced electron microscopy techniques, we have studied the evolution process of single-crystalline hierarchical ZSM-5 nanocrystals that involves oriented aggregation of protozeolitic nanoparticles formed at low temperature followed by intraparticle ripening at high temperature. The as-prepared hierarchical Ni@ZSM-5 catalysts exhibit superior catalytic performance in hydro-deoxygenation of stearic acid and palm oil.