Journal of Power Sources, Vol.426, 55-60, 2019
Two-dimensional polythiophene homopolymer as promising hole transport material for high-performance perovskite solar cells
A polythiophene homopolymer with conjugated side chains (2D-PT) was applied as a hole transport material (HTM) of perovskite solar cells (PSCs). The all-conjugated two-dimensional structure effectively increases the ionization potential, realizing a high open-circuit voltage near 1 V for the 2D-PT-based PSC. Very interestingly, the two-dimensional wide-angle X-ray scattering measurements show that the 2D-PT molecules are self-assembled into ordered structure with a face-on dominant orientation and exhibit a hole mobility, which is similar to 1.6 times faster than that of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT). Consequently, the power conversion efficiency of PSC is noticeably increased by similar to 30% as 2D-PT replaces P3HT as HTM. Moreover, the densely packed 2D-PT slows down the moisture induced degradation of perovskite crystals, leading to a better environmental stability. This work demonstrates that two-dimensional non-donor-acceptor structural conjugated polymers can be utilized as promising HTM of PSCs.