Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol.366, 329-337, 2019
Benzo(a)pyrene degradation by cytochrome P450 hydroxylase and the functional metabolism network of Bacillus thuringiensis
The relationship between benzo(a)pyrene biodegradation and certain target biomolecules has been investigated. To regulate the degradation process, the associated metabolism network must be clarified. To this end, benzo(a) pyrene degradation, carbon substrate metabolism and exometabolomic mechanism of Bacillus thuringiensis were analyzed. Benzo(a)pyrene was degraded through hydroxylation catalyzed by cytochrome P450 hydroxylase. After the treatment of 0.5 mg L-1 of benzo(a)pyrene by 0.2 g L-1 of cells for 9 d, biosorption and degradation efficiencies were measured at approximately 90% and 80%, respectively. During this process, phospholipid synthesis, glycogen, asparagine, arginine, itaconate and xylose metabolism were significantly downregulated, while glycolysis, pentose phosphate pathway, citrate cycle, amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism were significantly upregulated. These findings offer insight into the biotransformation regulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.