Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol.369, 584-592, 2019
PCDD/Fs traceability during triclosan electrochemical oxidation
5-Chloro-2-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)phenol (TCS) is a persistent organic pollutant (POP) widely used in different consumer goods. Its recalcitrant nature demands the application of effective remediation technologies in order to avoid the negative environmental impact associated to the discharge of contaminated waters. Although advanced oxidation technologies have been considered the best alternative to destroy bio-recalcitrant compounds, the likely formation of high toxicity byproducts must be analysed before large-scale deployment. In this work, we aim to trace the presence of chlorinated compounds during the electro-oxidation of aqueous TCS samples. First, we analyze the influence of the initial concentration of TCS on the toxicity of the oxidation medium expressed by the International-Toxicity Equivalency Factor (I-TEF); second, we have detected the formation of intermediate organo-chlorinated compounds by GC-MS supported by HPLC and finally, we have quantified the concentration of highly-polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) by HRGC-HRMS within the oxidation treatment. In those samples where TCS had been completely degraded the concentration of PCDD/ Fs showed a high increase, especially when NaC1 was used as electrolyte, with the initial concentration of TCS. Under these conditions the I-TEF achieved values up to 3.8 x 10(2) pg L-1.