Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.544, 230-240, 2019
Polyketone-based membrane support improves the organic solvent resistance of laccase catalysis
Enzymes play vital roles in biological transformations due to incomparable selectivity. Enzymatic membrane reactors (EMRs) combine enzymes with membranes, and many researchers have studied the synergistic effect of EMRs exerting on enzyme performance. Before the utility of EMRs can expand from natural aqueous media to organic solvents, robust membranes must be developed to promote enzyme protection from hostile forms of media. For this study, laccase was immobilized on an organic-solvent resistant hydroxylated polyketone (PK-OH) membrane via covalent bonds and served as a model enzyme. Ketone groups facilitated the immobilization via hydrogen bonds, leading to a high immobilization density of 462 mu g/cm(2). In homogeneous aqueous-organic solvents, the activity of immobilized laccase was up to 3.5 times greater than that of free laccase towards 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid). In addition, the results also showed improved activity towards highly concentrated 2,4,6-trichlorophenol and bisphenol A (1.4 g/L). Furthermore, the activity in filtration mode showed a 240% increase over that in batch mode. The immobilized laccase maintained its activity after 40 days of storage, 10 reuse cycles, and 50 h of continuous reaction. These results show that robust polyketone based membrane support will create opportunities for the application of EMRs in aqueous-organic solvents. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.