Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.547, 40-49, 2019
Zinc oxide/vanadium pentoxide heterostructures with enhanced day-night antibacterial activities
Low photocatalytic efficiency of visible light and fast recombination of photo-generated carriers are two challenges facing the applications of photocatalyst sterilant zinc oxide (ZnO). Meanwhile, both light and dark photocatalytic activities are important. It is of great theoretical and practical significance to construct a day-night photocatalytic antibacterial material, which is beneficial to the effective use of energy and to tackle the limitation of using photocatalytic bacteriostat. ZnO nanoflowers decorated vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) nanowires heterojunction (ZVH) was firstly fabricated using a facile water-bathing method. The designed ZVH structure efficiently produced abundant reactive oxygen species (ROS) in both light and darkness. It yielded 99.8% and 99.0% of antibacterial rate against S. aureus due to oxidative stress induced by ROS in light and darkness, respectively. The generation of ROS played a major role in the antibacterial activities against S. aureus under both light and dark conditions. The prepared ZVH with improved antibacterial properties provides an alternative for day-night antibacterial agents. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.