Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, Vol.127, No.5, 633-640, 2019
Neural differentiation of mouse induced pluripotent stem cells using cadherin gene-engineered PA6 feeder cells
Investigating neural differentiation of pluripotent stem cells, including induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, is of importance for studying early neural development and providing a potential source of cells for nerve regeneration. Stromal cell-derived inducing activity (SDIA) using PA6 stromal cells promotes neural differentiation of iPS cells. Thus, we hypothesized that cadherin gene-engineered PA6 feeder cells will enhance the performance of SDIA by facilitating cell cell interactions. Consequently, we created cadherin gene-engineered PA6 cells. Efficiency of neural differentiation from mouse iPS cells on PA6 feeder cells overexpressing E-cadherin gene (46%) or N-cadherin gene (27%) was significantly higher compared with parental PA6 feeder cells (19%). In addition, efficiency of motor neuron differentiation from mouse iPS cells on cadherin-gene engineered feeder cells (E-cadherin, 7.4%; N-cadherin, 11%) was significantly higher compared with parental PA6 feeder cells (4.1%). Altogether, these results indicate that cadherin gene-engineered feeder cells are a potent tool for promoting neural differentiation of pluripotent stem cells. (C) 2018, The Society for Biotechnology, Japan. All rights reserved.