Journal of Applied Microbiology, Vol.126, No.4, 1117-1127, 2019
Characterizing the hypertolerance potential of two indigenous bacterial strains (Bacillus flexus and Acinetobacter junii) and their efficacy in arsenic bioremediation
Aims The aims of the study were to (i) isolate and characterize arsenic-tolerant bacterial strains, (ii) study the plant growth-promoting traits and (iii) explore their bioremediation potential. Methods and Results Indigenous arsenic hypertolerant bacterial isolates NM02 and NM03 were screened as they were capable of growing at 150 mmol l(-1) As (V) and 70 mmol l(-1) As (III). They were identified on the basis of morphological, physiological and biochemical parameter and 16sDNA sequence as Bacillus flexus and Acinetobacter junii respectively. Genomic DNA analysis for the investigation of ars operon revealed the presence of metalloregulatory arsC gene, suggesting their ability to detoxify arsenic. The analysis for siderophore, phosphate solubilization, indole acetic acid (IAA) and ACC deaminase highlighted the intrinsic plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria traits of both the bacterial strains. The energy dispersive spectroscopy analysis proved the potential of cellular arsenic sequestration within the strains. Moreover, Fourier-transform infrared spectra revealed the repositioning of the spectral bands in As presence, indicating the presence of those functional groups on the bacterial surface that is involved in As adsorption. Conclusions Our results indicate that bacterial strains NM02 and NM03 were identified as potent applicants for arsenic bioremediation and possess the ability to facilitate plant growth. Significance and Impact of the Study The bacterial strains are proficient in As detoxification and can be employed for arsenic bioremediation; a cost-effective and in situ remediation technique for the polluted soil.