화학공학소재연구정보센터
International Journal of Energy Research, Vol.43, No.7, 2910-2929, 2019
Mass transfer in proton exchange membrane fuel cells with baffled flow channels and a porous-blocked baffled flow channel design
In proton exchange membrane fuel cells, baffled flow channels enhance the reactant transfer from flow channels to gas diffusion layers. However, the reactant transfer depends on both the diffusive transfer and convective transfer, and how the baffles in flow channels affect them is still unknown. Therefore, in this work, a two-dimensional, two-phase, nonisothermal, and steady-state model of proton exchange membrane fuel cells is developed, and these two transfer processes from flow channels to gas diffusion layers are comparatively studied. Simulation results show that first of all, the reactant transfer from flow channels to gas diffusion layers mainly depends on the diffusive transfer. Therefore, if the desire is to enhance the mass transfer from flow channels to gas diffusion layers, the diffusive mass transfer should be enhanced firstly. Being guided by this goal, a porous-blocked baffled flow channel is developed. This flow channel design can further enhance the reactant transfer from flow channels to gas diffusion layers, and the cell performance can be improved. Moreover, when the porosities of porous blocks at the front place of flow channels are lower, the cell power is also increased but the pumping power can be reduced a lot.