화학공학소재연구정보센터
Energy, Vol.174, 861-872, 2019
Quantitative prediction of oil and gas prospects of the Sinian-Lower Paleozoic in the Sichuan Basin in central China
Reliably and conveniently predicting oil and gas prospects and avoiding costly drilling mistakes are the goals pursued by oil explorers and companies. In 2013, the Anyue gas field was discovered in Sichuan Basin, and it was the first discovery of a giant natural gas field in Precambrian strata attracting extensive attention since then. However, the complexity of geology in the Sinian-Lower Paleozoic makes prediction of oil and gas prospects very challenging. Based on the comprehensive review of the Anyue gas field, we identify four functional elements, i.e., a source kitchen (S), paleo-uplift (U), reservoir depositional facies (D), and regional cap rock (C). The combination of these four functional elements in time and space (TCDUS) controls the Sinian-Lower Paleozoic hydrocarbon accumulation. The probability for hydrocarbon accumulation is determined by a proposed index, Tcdus. As a tectonic movement can damage oil and gas reservoirs formed prior to the movement, a model for calculating the hydrocarbon reservoir preservation probability is also established. The oil and gas prospects in Sinian-Lower Paleozoic are predicted with the combination of the hydrocarbon accumulation and preservation model. 137 wells drilled in the Sichuan Basin show that 88.9% of the successful wells are distributed in the predicted zones. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.