Energy, Vol.175, 645-666, 2019
Thermal stress monitoring in thick walled pressure components of steam boilers
Two methods for monitoring the thermal stresses in pressure components of thermal power plants are presented. In the first method, the transient temperature distribution in the pressure component is determined by measuring the transient wall temperature at several points located on the outer insulated surface of the component. The transient temperature distribution in the pressure component, including the temperature of the inner surface is determined from the solution of the inverse heat conduction problem (IHCP). In the first method, there is no need to know the temperature of the fluid and the heat transfer coefficient. In the second method, thermal stresses in a pressure component with a complicated shape are computed using the finite element method (FEM) based on experimentally estimated fluid temperature and known heat transfer coefficient. A new thermometer with good dynamic properties can be used for providing a much more accurate temperature of the flowing fluid in comparison with standard thermometers. A numerical-experimental method of determination of the transient heat transfer coefficient based on the solution of the 3D-inverse heat conduction problem was proposed. The heat transfer coefficient on the internal surface of a pressure element can be estimated based on an experimentally determined local transient temperature distribution on the external surface of the element or on the basis of wall temperature measurement at six points located near the internal surface if fluid temperature changes are fast. Examples of determining thermal and pressure stresses in the thick-walled horizontal steam header with the use of real measurement data are presented. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.