Electrochimica Acta, Vol.305, 433-442, 2019
LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 microrod with ultrahigh Mn3+ content: A high performance cathode material for lithium ion battery
In this work, we successfully use ultralong gamma-MnOOH microrods to synthesize ultralong spinel LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 microrods through high temperature solid state reaction, which allows to drastically increase the content of residual Mn3+ ions (up to 61.3%) along with oxygen deficiency (up to 0.44) in spinel structure and improves the rate, cycling and discharge capacity of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 materials significantly. The excessive theoretical capacity (185 mAhg(-1)) is even observed at low charge and discharge rate due to the additional enhanced contribution of the Mn3+/Mn4+ redox couples. The LNMO-800 shows a little capacity decay with the increasing of the rate from 0.5 C to 1 C and 2 C, the discharge capacities were 145 mAhg(-1), 144.6 mAhg(-1) and 142 mAhg(-1), respectively. Even at a high rate of 10 C, it still deliveres a capacity of 125.3 mAhg(-1). After 1000 cycles at 1 C, the discharge capacity can still reach 120 mAhg(-1), corresponding to a capacity retention of 82.3%. The high temperature (55 degrees C) tests also demonstrate its excellent structural stability. The LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 microrod with ultrahigh Mn3+ content should be a promising choice for future high energy power applications. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.