Electrochimica Acta, Vol.305, 164-174, 2019
Electrostatic self-assembly of 2D delaminated MXene (Ti3C2) onto Ni foam with superior electrochemical performance for supercapacitor
The existence of the oxygen-containing functional groups on MXene surface makes it a potential electrode material in supercapacitor based on a redox mechanism. However, the irreversible stacking of MXenes will lead to an insufficient utilization of these functional groups. To solve this problem, we fabricated a composite electrode comprised of 2D delaminated Ti3C2 sheets (d-Ti3C2) and 3D Ni foam (NF) by electrostatic self-assembly. In this electrode, d-Ti3C2 nanosheets are adsorbed on the surface of 3D Ni foam skeleton structure, eliminating the need for insulative polymer binders. The self-assembly strategy endows d-Ti3C2/NF composites with unique 2D/3D structure which possesses the merits of excellent conductivity, sufficient active sites, high charge transfer efficiency and short ions diffusion path. As a result, the d-Ti3C2/NF composite electrode exhibits a high specific capacitance up to 654 F g(-1) at 1 A g(-1) and good cycling stability. An asymmetrical supercapacitor with d-Ti3C2/NF composite as a positive electrode, bulk Ti3C2 (b-Ti3C2) as a negative electrode and 6 M KOH as electrolyte, exhibits a maximum energy density of 18.1 Wh kg(-1) (at 397.8 W kg(-1)) and excellent cycling stability (80.6% after 5000 cycles). The results indicate that d-Ti3C2/NF composite is a promising electrode material for practical energy storage devices. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.