Electrochimica Acta, Vol.309, 382-391, 2019
Entropy measurement of a large format lithium ion battery and its application to calculate heat generation
As large format lithium ion batteries are used in EV and ESS applications, the temperature control of a battery is important to achieve a safe and long cycle life operation. To control the temperature properly, we need to know the heat generation characteristics. Heat generation of a battery mainly depends on the applied current, internal resistance, temperature and entropy of the battery. However, it is not easy to measure the entropy, because they depend on SOC and temperature simultaneously. Here, we suggested a new way to measure the entropy, on the assumption of adiabatic condition and calculate the heat generation. Internal resistance, specific heat capacity, OCCP values are also measured experimentally. The entropy (F partial derivative E-OC partial derivative T-1) at a given SOC were measured from the variation of OCCP with temperature and expressed via a polynomial equation. The temperature dependence of the internal resistance were also expressed in the same procedure. The battery temperature variations calculated from the above parameters showed a good agreement with those from experiments. This suggested method provides a simple and reliable temperature estimation of lithium ion batteries. (C) 2019 Published by Elsevier Ltd.