Current Applied Physics, Vol.19, No.8, 928-932, 2019
Polarization controlled couplings of surface plasmon with asymmetrical nanoslit pairs
Light-driven surface plasmons offer an opportunity to ultrafast information processing combining the compactness of electric circuits with the bandwidth of photonic networks. For practical applications, the efficient and controllable conversion from signal light to surface plasmons is essential. This leads to the recent developments in the polarization controlled couplings of surface plasmons. Currently, most works only tailor the orientation and arrangement of nanoslits to control the launching of surface plasmons. In this paper, we consider both the orientation and size of each slit in a one-dimensional array of nanoslit dimers. We first realize the unidirectional propagation of surface plasmons with designed wavefronts. Next, the unidirectional coupling and bi-directional coupling of surface plasmons are realized for a pair of orthogonal polarizations, respectively. This is quite different from the conventional opposite propagating surface plasmons excited by two orthogonal polarizations. The manipulation of both orientation and size of nanoslits allows additional freedom in the photon-plasmon conversions.