Current Applied Physics, Vol.19, No.8, 917-923, 2019
Electrical detection of spin-polarized current in topological insulator Bi1.5Sb0.5Te1.7Se1.3
Spin-momentum locked (SML) topological surface state (TSS) provides exotic properties for spintronics applications. The spin-polarized current, which emerges owing to the SML, can be directly detected by performing spin potentiometric measurement. We observed spin-polarized current using a bulk insulating topological insulator (TI), Bi1.5Sb0.5Te1.7Se1.3, and Co as the ferromagnetic spin probe. The spin voltage was probed with varying the bias current, temperature, and gate voltage. Moreover, we observed non-local spin-polarized current, which is regarded as a distinguishing property of TIs. The spin-polarization ratio of the non-local current was larger than that of the local current. These findings could reveal a more accurate approach to determine spin-polarization ratio at the TSS.