Combustion and Flame, Vol.203, 255-264, 2019
Training convolutional neural networks to estimate turbulent sub-grid scale reaction rates
This work presents a new approach for premixed turbulent combustion modeling based on convolutional neural networks (CNN).(1) We first propose a framework to reformulate the problem of subgrid flame surface density estimation as a machine learning task. Data needed to train the CNN is produced by direct numerical simulations (DNS) of a premixed turbulent flame stabilized in a slot-burner configuration. A CNN inspired from a U-Net architecture is designed and trained on the DNS fields to estimate subgrid-scale wrinkling. It is then tested on an unsteady turbulent flame where the mean inlet velocity is increased for a short time and the flame must react to a varying turbulent incoming flow. The CNN is found to efficiently extract the topological nature of the flame and predict subgrid-scale wrinkling, outperforming classical algebraic models. (C) 2019 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.