Chemical Engineering Science, Vol.202, 222-237, 2019
Two-phase oil/water flow measurement using an Earth's field nuclear magnetic resonance flow meter
We present a novel multiphase flow metering technique for simultaneous measurement of oil and water volumetric flowrates. An Earth's field nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) detection coil is applied to measure free induction decay (FID) signals of two-phase oil/water flows. A dual polarisation technique is introduced utilising an upstream permanent magnet as well as an electromagnetic prepolarising coil. FID signals with variable pre-polarising conditions are acquired and fit with a model for the NMR fluid signal using a 2D Tikhonov regularisation algorithm, allowing determination of a joint 2D velocity-T-1 probability distribution. Appropriate analysis of the measured velocity-T-1 distributions allows calculation of individual phase flowrates. The performance of the NMR flow measurement technique is examined for oil/water flows which are visually observed to be in three different flow regimes: stratified flow with mixing, dispersion of oil-in-water and water, and full oil-in-water emulsions. Two-phase flow characteristic features such as velocity slip are examined for each flow regime. Finally the accuracy of the measurement system in each flow regime is validated against in-line rotameter measurements. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.