Bioresource Technology, Vol.280, 441-446, 2019
Enhanced simultaneous organics and nutrients removal in tidal flow constructed wetland using activated alumina as substrate treating domestic wastewater
A tidal flow constructed wetland (TFCW), a commonly applied system to clean wastewater, contains a substrate to assist pollutants removal, while the choice of substrate affects the formation of bacterial biofilms. Herein, activated alumina-TFCW (A-TFCW) with hydraulic load of 1.35 m(3)/(m(2).d) parallel with shale ceramisite (S-TFCW) was investigated for treating domestic wastewater, aiming to enhance simultaneous long-term removal of organics, nitrogen and phosphorus. A-TFCW achieved significantly higher COD, NH4+-N, TN and TP removal efficiency than S-TFCW, with the removal efficiency of 85.9% COD, 85.4% NH4+-N, 72.8% TN and 96.4% TP respectively. Denitrifying bacteria dominated in both formed biofilms, with higher relative abundance of nitrifying bacteria and denitrifying bacteria in A-TFCW. These results demonstrated that AA substrate was more suitable to be applied in enhancing the removal performance in TFCW for the treatment of domestic wastewater.