Bioresource Technology, Vol.280, 360-370, 2019
Acidogenic phosphorus recovery from the wastewater sludge of the membrane bioreactor systems with different iron-dosing modes
A novel acidogenic phosphorus recovery (APR) process was developed in combination with Fe(III)-based chemical phosphorus removal and a membrane bioreactor (MBR) for enhanced wastewater treatment and effective P recovery. Two different system configurations were evaluated: Fe-dosing MBR (Fe-MBR), with the Fe-dosing into the MBR, and Fe-enhanced primary sedimentation followed by the MBR (FeP-MBR). The results show that both systems performed well for enhanced nutrient (N and P) removals and P recovery, with approximately 50% of the total P recovered from the municipal wastewater in the form of vivianite. Compared to the Fe-MBR system, FeP-MBR achieved more efficient P recovery under low food-waste loading conditions, maintained a higher ratio of biomass in activated sludge and experienced a slower rate of membrane fouling. Important functional bacteria were identified, including Prevotella and Selenomonas, which are active in hydrolysis and acidogenesis of sludge, and Aeromonas and Sulfurospirillum, which are involved in dissimilatory iron reduction.