Bioresource Technology, Vol.281, 179-187, 2019
Enhanced adsorption of bisphenol A and sulfamethoxazole by a novel magnetic CuZnFe2O4-biochar composite
The widespread occurrence of endocrine-disrupting compound and pharmaceutical active compounds such as bisphenol A (BPA) and sulfamethoxazole (SMX) in natural freshwater resources can cause serious environmental problems even at low exposure levels. In this work, in order to remove BPA and SMX from aqueous solutions, a novel biochar-supported magnetic CuZnFe2O4 composite (CZF-biochar) was synthesized by a facile one-pot hydrothermal process. After characterization studies, the key factors affecting BPA and SMX adsorption on CZF-biochar were comprehensively investigated. The primary mechanisms for BPA and SMX adsorption included charge-assisted H-bonding, hydrophobic, and pi-pi electron donor-acceptor interactions. In summary, considering the fast kinetics, high adsorption properties, easy magnetic separation, and recyclability for multiple reuses, the CZF-biochar composite has potential for the removal of BPA, SMX, and potentially other emerging organic contaminants from contaminated soil and water.