Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.511, No.2, 447-453, 2019
Caspase 3 may participate in the anti-tumor immunity of dendritic cells
Background: Caspase 3 is not only involved in apoptosis, but also participates in the nonapoptotic functions. Previously, we found that caspase 3 gene knockout mice displayed decreased number of dendritic cells (DCs). However, whether caspase 3 participate in the function of DCs is unclear. Thus, the present study aims to investigate the role of caspase 3 in the maturation and antitumor function of DCs. Methods: Caspase 3 gene was overexpressed in DC2.4 cell line through Lentivirus system. The impact of caspase 3 gene overexpression on the biological behavior of DC2.4 cells was determined by CCK-8, colony formation and apoptosis analysis. The impact of caspase 3 gene overexpression on the antigen uptake, maturation, migration, T cell activation of DC2.4 cells was analyzed with phagocytosis, transwell and mixed lymphocyte reaction assay. Tumor growth and tumor infiltrated T cells were also investigated through tumor bearing model. Results: Caspase 3 gene overexpression could slightly increase the apoptosis of DC2.4 cells. Antigen uptake capability and maturation of DC2.4 cells were significantly promoted through caspases 3 gene overexpression. However, CXCR4 expression on DC2.4 cells and migration of DC2.4 cells were not influenced. Caspase 3 gene overexpression also enhanced the T cell activation and cytotoxicity of activated T cells. Finally, overexpression of caspase 3 gene significantly increased the tumor suppression of DC2.4 cells, accompanied by increased infiltration of CD4(+) and CD8(+) Cells in tumor tissue. Conclusion: Caspase 3 gene overexpression could promote maturation and enhance antitumor capability of DC2.4 cells. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.