Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.511, No.2, 404-408, 2019
A novel PAK4-CEBPB-CLDN4 axis involving in breast cancer cell migration and invasion
Claudin-4 (CLDN4), a crucial member of tight junction proteins, is aberrantly expressed in breast cancer cells and contributes to cell migration and invasion. However, the mechanisms controlling CLDN4 expression in breast cancer are poorly understood. Here, we reported that CLDN4 expression correlated positively with p21-activated kinase 4 (PAK4) expression in human breast cancer tissues. Knockdown of PAK4 in MDA-MB-231 and ZR-75-30 cells suppressed CLDN4 expression and significantly inhibited cell migration and invasion. Conversely, restoration of CLDN4 expression in PAK4-knockdown cells reversed the inhibition of migration and invasion. We identified CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta (CEBPB) as a novel transcriptional regulator of CLDN4 and confirmed that CEBPB bound to the -1093 to -991 bp region of the CLDN4 promoter. Importantly, we found that PAK4 enhanced CEBPB phosphorylation on Thr-235. In summary, we showed that PAK4-mediated CEBPB activation upregulated CLDN4 expression to promote breast cancer cell migration and invasion. Our results might contribute to understanding the mechanisms of CLDN4 regulation and suggest PAK4-CEBPB-CLDN4 axis as a potential therapeutic target for breast cancer. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.