Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.511, No.2, 381-386, 2019
Molecular mechanism of crolibulin in complex with tubulin provides a rationale for drug design
Microtubules (MTs) is one of the most important proteins in eukaryotic cells and plays a key role in the maintenance of cell morphology and cell division. The discovery and development of small molecule drugs targeting MTs has always been an important direction of anti-cancer research. Nowadays 4-Aryl-4H-chromenes have emerged as potent microtubule-targeting agents (MTAs) for various cancers. Crolibulin, a derivative of 4-Aryl-4H-chromenes, which has been progressed to Phase I/II clinical testing's for anaplastic thyroid cancer with the National Cancer Institute. However, the design and development of 4-Aryl-4H-chromenes family drugs have been hindered for a long time by the lack of structural information of the tubulin-agent complex. Here we report a 2.5 angstrom crystal structure of tubulin complexed with crolibulin. This complex structure reveals the interactions between crolibulin and tubulin, helps explain the results of the structure-activity-relationship (SAR) studies and provides a solid structural basis for the design and development of new 4-Aryl-4H-chromenes derivatives as MTAs. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.