Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.511, No.2, 239-245, 2019
LncRNA SUMO1P3 promotes proliferation and inhibits apoptosis in colorectal cancer by epigenetically silencing CPEB3
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a prevalent malignancy characterized with high morbidity and death rate. Due to late diagnosis, most CRC patients missed the proper timing for radical operation, which led to the high mortality in CRC. Therefore, identifying new prognostic and therapeutic targets is important. Long non-coding RNAs are reported as essential regulators for tumor progression, including in CRC. LncRNA SUMO1P3 has been documented as an oncogene promoting proliferation, cell cycle, and metastasis in several cancers, but its role in CRC has never been unveiled. The purpose of our study is to interrogate the functions and mechanism of SUMO1P3 in colorectal cancer. We validated the upregulation and the prognostic significance of SUMO1P3 in CRC. The loss-of-function assays suggested that SUMO1P3 provoked CRC cell proliferative ability, and retarded apoptotic ability. Cytoplasmic polyadenylation element binding protein 3 (CPEB3) has been newly acknowledged as a tumor suppressive gene in several cancers, and has been revealed to present low expression in CRC. We predicted through UCSC database and validated by ChIP assay that EZH2, a crucial regulator of trimethylation of histone H3 at lysine 27 (H3K27me3), bound to CPEB3 promoter. Further, we validated that SUMO1P3 epigenetically repressed CPEB3 through EZH2. Finally, rescue assays indicated that SUMO1P3 provoked proliferation, cell cycle, and retarded apoptosis through CPEB3. Consequently, current study showed that lncRNA SUMO1P3 promoted cell proliferative ability and inhibited apoptotic ability in CRC by epigenetically silencing CPEB3, providing a novel prognostic marker for CRC patients. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.