Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.511, No.3, 631-636, 2019
The stability of Magoh and Y14 depends on their heterodimer formation and nuclear localization
Reduced expression of the Y14 gene is a cause of Thrombocytopenia-absent radius (TAR) syndrome. This gene contains a conserved RNA recognition motif (RRM) in the central region and nuclear localization/export sequences (NLS/NES) in the N-terminal. Y14 and Magoh proteins form tight heterodimers and are the core of exon junction complexes (EjCs), which mediate various processes of mRNA metabolism after transcription. In this report, we found that protein expression levels of exogenously expressed Magoh L136R and Y14 L118R (leucine-to-arginine substitution at amino acid residue 136 and 118 respectively, that results in the formation of the complex being lost) are lower than their wild-types. This reduction is likely caused by protein levels, as no difference in mRNA levels was detected. Meanwhile, a cycloheximide chase assay determined that the degradation rates of Magoh L136R and Y14 L118R were faster than their wild-types. Both Y14 L118R and Magoh L136R lost the ability to form heterodimers with corresponding wild-type proteins. However, Y14 L118R is able to still localize in the nucleus which causes the stability of Y14 L118R to be higher than Magoh L136R. These results reveal that the stability of Magoh and Y14 is not only dependent on the heterodimer structure, but also dependent on nuclear localization. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.