Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.511, No.4, 896-902, 2019
SLC39A6/ZIP6 is essential for zinc homeostasis and T-cell development in zebrafish
Zinc (Zn) is an essential trace element that modulate innate and acquired immune responses, and its deficiency triggers lymphopenia. However, the precise mechanisms underlying zinc-mediated lymphocyte maintenance have not been well clarified. Here, we have successfully generated a zip6 null mutant zebrafish line using TALENs. The Zip6-null mutant zebrafish developed normally during gastrulation. Loss of zip6 in zebrafish resulted in significant T lymphocyte reduction and a decrease in intracellular Zn levels. And the zip6 deficiency increases caspase-related cell apoptosis in both zebrafish cells and human T cells. Our results suggest that ZIP6 plays a critical part in T cell development, and enhance our understanding of Zn homeostasis and immune system maintenance. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.