Applied Surface Science, Vol.478, 699-707, 2019
Solution-processed organic field-effect transistors with cross-linked poly(4-vinylphenol)/polyvinyl alcohol bilayer dielectrics
In bottom-gated organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) carrier transport and device performances show strong dependencies on the dielectric and surface properties of gate insulating materials. A single-layer gate dielectric cannot meet the requirements of large permittivity (k) and low surface polarity for fabricating low-operating-voltage, high-performance OFETs. Here, we have designed a bilayer gate dielectric consisting of a low-k crosslinked poly(4-vinylphenol) (CL-PVP) in contact with an active layer to provide a low polar surface and an underneath high-k polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) layer to ensure a high capacitance. The results show that the CL-PVP/PVA bilayer not only offers a smooth and uniform surface with low polarity and low surface energy as well as good solvent resistance for efficient carrier transport, but also possesses a relatively high capacitance and low leakage current for low threshold and operating voltages. We have utilized this bilayer dielectric to fabricate OFETs based on a conventional semiconducting polymer poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT). High overall device performances have been achieved in the devices with a mobility of 0.1 cm(2) V-1 s(-1). The maximum density of trap states at the interface between the P3HT film and the CL-PVP/PVA bilayer is estimated to be 7.10x10(12) cm(-2) eV(-1), further proving that this bilayer dielectric provides a high quality interface for P3HT. The CL-PVP/PVA bilayer is thus a promising candidate as a gate dielectric for fabricating high-performance organic or even organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite transistors by a solution processing technique.