Applied Surface Science, Vol.479, 745-756, 2019
The effect of the synthesis temperature and duration on the morphology and photocatalytic activity of BiOX (X= Cl, Br, I) materials
Bismuthoxyhalides photocatalysts (BiOX, X= Cl, Br, I) were prepared using solvothermal crystallization method. The influence of the synthesis temperature (120 degrees C, 140 degrees C, 160 degrees C) and duration (3 h, 24 h, 48 h) on the structural (crystal size, phase composition etc.), morphological (crystal shape), optical (bandgap values) parameters and on the resulting photocatalytic activity were investigated. The samples were characterized by the means of X-ray diffractometry (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS). The photocatalytic activity of the synthesized materials was evaluated under visible-(>= 400 nm) and UV light (approximate to 365 nm) by degrading methyl orange and Rhodamine B (RhB). The results pointed out the importance of the crystallization temperature and duration in achieving the highest photocatalytic activity, showing that the lowest temperature and the shortest duration time resulted the highest removal yields. Furthermore, a possible degradation mechanism was elaborated based on a direct hole oxidation approach and the detected degradation intermediates.