Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.103, No.5, 2353-2365, 2019
Novel strains of Bacteroides fragilis and Bacteroides ovatus alleviate the LPS-induced inflammation in mice
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can promote the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, damage the tight junction of epithelial walls, and thereby lead to chronic low-grade intestinal inflammatory disorders. Evidences of many beneficial functions from Bacteroides strains suggest their intervention capabilities in LPS-induced inflammation. In the present study, both healthy and LPS-treated mice were consistently treated with Bacteroides strains for 5days. The intestinal microbiota alteration, epithelial permeability, cytokine expression, and autoimmune and innate immune responses were analyzed. B. fragilis HCK-B3 and B. ovatus ELH-B2 from our laboratory collection were demonstrated to assist intestinal equilibrium by maintaining the diversity of gut microbiota and relieve LPS-induced inflammation by either modulating cytokine production or restoring the Treg/Th-17 balance. Our research indicated that the Bacteroides strains with capabilities of alleviating inflammation have the potential as therapeutics to prevent intestinal inflammatory disorders and provided scientific supports for discovering next-generation probiotics.