Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Vol.245, 546-554, 2019
Role of oxygen vacancies and Mn sites in hierarchical Mn2O3/LaMnO3-delta perovskite composites for aqueous organic pollutants decontamination
La-based perovskites are catalytically active owing to the oxygen vacancies, redox metal centers of B sites and surface hydroxyl groups. Nevertheless, the insights into these active centers on environmental catalysis are still insufficient. In this study, hierarchical mixed oxides perovskite microspheres were synthesized for catalytic ozonation over oxalic acid and benzotriazole. LaMn4O., with LaMnO3-delta as the dominant crystal phase, demonstrated superior catalytic activity to Mn2O3 and LaMnO3 synthesized from citric acid sol-gel method. Temperature-programmed desorption of NH3 (NH3-TPD) and pyridine-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (pyridine-FTIR) tests proved Lewis acid as the main acid type. Temperature-programmed reduction of H-2 (H-2-TPR), O-2-TPD and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis indicated the presence of oxygen vacancies and mixed valences of Mn in the crystal structure facilitated the catalytic process. Moreover, the content of oxygen vacancy was calculated by iodometric titration method. With the aid of theoretical calculations, oxygen vacancies were found to exhibit a strong affinity toward ozone adsorption, where ozone molecules spontaneously dissociated into reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as O-2(center dot-) and O-1(2). The B site of Mn facilitated ozone decomposition by extending the O-O bond of ozone due to the electron transfer from Mn3+/Mn4+ redox cycle. In-situ EPR and quenching tests confirmed the contribution of O-2(center dot-) and O-1(2) in benzotriazole degradation along with (OH)-O-center dot. This study stepped further to unveil the ozone adsorption/decomposition and ROS generation on nanoscale perovskite-based composites.