Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Vol.245, 477-485, 2019
Steering charge transfer for boosting photocatalytic H-2 evolution: Integration of two-dimensional semiconductor superiorities and noble metal-free Schottky junction effect
Sunlight-driven photocatalysis holds great promise for alleviating the energy and environmental crises. For the visible-light-driven bare semiconductor, there is an irreconcilable contradiction between the light absorption and strong redox capabilities. Here, we reported a predictable design for improving the photocatalytic performance via regulating the bandgap and accelerating the charge kinetics of the semiconductor. Taken together, utilize two-dimensional (2D) structure to essentially increase the bandgap of the semiconductor for gaining the higher transfer and separation of the photogenerated electron-hole pairs and the stronger redox capabilities; and accelerate charge kinetics via the driving force from the Schottky junction. Meanwhile, the Schottky barrier prevents the photogenerated electrons trapped by a noble-metal-free electron acceptor from dually recombining. Additionally, the energy transfer process of the photocatalytic reaction was also researched in detail, aligning well with the photocatalytic mechanism.