Applied Catalysis A: General, Vol.575, 58-64, 2019
Ammonia-free synthesis of Mo/CoMgAl catalysts with excellent activities in water-gas shift reaction
A series of CoMgAl mixed oxides with homogeneous Co dispersion were prepared using co-precipitation method. The CoMgAl composites were then doped with Mo species, giving Mo/Co(x)MgAl (x=Co/(Co + Mg)) catalysts for water-gas shift reaction (WGSR). In the synthesis of these catalysts, there is limited release of ammonia, which is traditionally common in the generation of Mo-Co catalysts for WGSR. The Mo/Co(x)MgAl catalysts were characterized using techniques such as XRD, N-2-physisorption, H-2-TPR, H2S-TPS, Raman, HRTEM and XPS. It is noted that the Mo/Co(5%)MgAl catalyst gives 91.2% CO conversion at 350 degrees C, which is close to the equilibrium CO conversion (91.7%). The H2S-TPS results disclose that there is decrease in activation energy for Mo sulfidation with increase of Co content in Mo/Co(x)MgAl, indicating the presence of Co promotes Mo sulfidation. The outcomes of HRTEM and XPS analyses reveal that the role of Co is to decrease stacking number and slab length of MoS2 moieties. The EDX elemental analysis suggests synergism between Co and MoS2, especially in the case of Mo/Co(5%)MgAl. With the formation of small-size MoS2 slabs and enhanced Co-MoS2 synergistic effect, the Mo/Co(5%)MgAl catalyst has high exposure of active sites, leading to improved catalytic activities in WGSR.