Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vol.188, No.2, 310-325, 2019
One-Step Immobilization and Stabilization of a Recombinant Enterococcus faecium DBFIQ E36 l-Arabinose Isomerase for d-Tagatose Synthesis
A recombinant l-arabinose isomerase from Enterococcus faecium DBFIQ E36 was immobilized onto multifunctional epoxide supports by chemical adsorption and onto a chelate-activated support via polyhistidine-tag, located on the N-terminal (N-His-L-AI) or on the C-terminal (C-His-L-AI) sequence, followed by covalent bonding between the enzyme and the support. The results were compared to reversible L-AI immobilization by adsorption onto charged agarose supports with improved stability. All the derivatives presented immobilization yields of above 75%. The ionic interaction established between agarose gels containing monoaminoethyl-N-aminoethyl structures (MANAE) and the enzyme was the most suitable strategy for L-AI immobilization in comparison to the chelate-activated agarose. In addition, the immobilized biocatalysts by ionic interaction in MANAE showed to be the most stable, retaining up to 100% of enzyme activity for 60min at 60 degrees C and with K-m values of 28 and 218mM for MANAE-N-His-L-AI and MANAE-C-His-L-AI, respectively.