Advanced Powder Technology, Vol.30, No.4, 815-828, 2019
Effect of electrostatic charge of particles on hydrodynamics of gas-solid fluidized beds
The aim of this work was to investigate effect of electrostatic charge of particles on the fluidization hydrodynamics. Behavior of bubbles in beds of polyethylene particles was studied through analysis of pressure fluctuations in the frequency domain. Fluidized beds of uncharged, pre-charged and bed-charged particles were used in the experiments. Results revealed that in the bed of pre-charged particles, compared to uncharged experiments, particle-particle repulsive force increases the bed voidage and reduces equilibrium bubble size while the transition velocity to turbulent fluidization is decreased. In the case of bed charged particles, at low gas velocities bubble fraction is greater compare to the other cases due to faster bubble coalescence in the presence of particle-wall attractive electrostatic force. Electrostatic charge of bulk increases by increasing the gas velocity. At high gas velocities, the repulsion force between highly charged particles overcomes the particle-wall effect on bubble formation and reduces the bubble size to less than in uncharged experiments. Accumulation of particles near the wall in the bed od bed-charged particles affects the hydrodynamics in two ways: first it accelerates bubble growth via bubble coalescence at low gas velocities, second it limits the bubble growth and reduces the transition velocity to turbulent regime to a value less than for pre-charged particles. (C) 2019 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.