Advanced Powder Technology, Vol.30, No.5, 1079-1088, 2019
Reaction kinetics of fly ash geopolymerization: Role of particle size controlled by using ball mill
Fly ash is milled for 0, 30 and 90 min and used to study the role of particle size on the kinetics of geopolymer formation. The increase in particle fineness is very prominent in the initial milling stage, and then slows down due to agglomeration effect of finer fraction. The fly ash geopolymerization kinetics and its mechanism is determined using heat of reaction data measured by isothermal conduction calorimeter. The improvement in reaction rate with milling is correlated with the median particle size of the fly ash. The apparent activation energy decreases with size reduction because finer fractions are more prone to alkali activation. Although the kinetics changes with particle fineness, but no alternation is detected in the reaction mechanism, governed by nucleation and growth. The apparent activation energy evaluated by rate method is showing three major steps of geopolymerization such as dissolution, gel formation and restructuring. (C) 2019 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.