Advanced Powder Technology, Vol.30, No.5, 895-902, 2019
Granulation of ferrosilicon alloy by rotary multi-nozzles cup atomizer: Granulation behavior and model formation
Nowadays, ferroalloys are mainly produced by mold casting and crushing process in China which have obvious drawbacks like low efficiency and high energy consumption. In the present study, a novel process which was based on a rotary multi-nozzles cup atomizer (RMCA) was suggested on FeSi75 (alloy containing 75 wt.% Si). A circle of water curtain was set around the rotary multi-nozzles cup atomizer. According to the calculation results of atomization mechanism, the granulation process agreed with Rayleigh's mechanism. During the breakup of the alloy ligament, the surface tension plays an important role on the formation of droplet, and the effect of centrifugal force on the diameter of the alloy droplets becomes obvious with the increasing of the rotating speed. In the current study, the models of the traveling trajectories and the heat transfer of the alloy droplet are established. It is found that the solidification time of droplet with different thickness of solidification layer increase with the increase the alloy droplets' diameter. And the thickness of water curtain required for cooling the alloy increases with increasing the rotating speed. (C) 2019 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.