Renewable Energy, Vol.132, 351-362, 2019
Monitoring the mixing of an artificial model substrate in a scale-down laboratory digester
Investigating the mixing process in digesters is a necessary precursor for successful design, operation, and increased efficiency in biogas plants. However, observation of mixing in digesters under real conditions is complex and cost intensive. Based on the theory of similarity a 1:12 scale digester model is set up and an artificial chemical substrate is selected to mimic the rheology of real biomass. Different mixing regimes are configured using propellers and paddle stirrers located in varying positions. Optical and acoustic techniques are employed to observe the fluid dynamics. In this paper, the laboratory setup and the principal results on the flow velocity, power consumption and torque developed during mixing are presented and discussed. The experimental results illustrate the digester mixing quality in various propeller and stirrer configurations, and are used to validate a numeric computational fluid dynamic study. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier Ltd.