Polymer, Vol.159, 75-85, 2018
Comparative study of singlewalled, multiwalled, and branched carbon nanotubes melt mixed in different thermoplastic matrices
In this contribution, three different types of CNTs, namely single-walled (SWCNT), multi-walled (MWCNT) and branched MWCNTs were melt mixed in amounts of 0.1-10 wt.-% in polypropylene (PP), polycarbonate (PC) and poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) using a small-scale microcompounder. The filler dispersion of compression-moulded samples was characterized using light and electron microscopy, and the electrical and thermal properties were measured. The lowest electrical percolation thresholds were found for composites of PP/SWCNT, PP/branched MWCNT and PC/branched MWCNT, which percolated already at < 0.1 wt.-% CNT loading. Low values of electrical volume resistivity of about 3 Ohm.cm (PVDF), 7 Ohm.cm (PP) and 2 Ohm.cm (PC) could be reached when loading with 2 wt.-% branched MWCNT. A homogeneous dispersion in the macro- and microlevel was observed especially for composites containing branched MWCNTs. For all CNT types, a matrix nucleation effect was found in PP and PVDF using differential scanning calorimetry.