Langmuir, Vol.34, No.50, 15276-15282, 2018
Spatial Organization of Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles in/on Nano/Microsized Carriers Modulates the Magnetic Resonance Signal
Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) are often encapsulated into drug-carrying nano/microsized particles for simultaneous magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and treatment of diseased tissues. Unfortunately, encapsulated SPIONs may have a limited ability to modulate the T-2-weighted relaxation of water protons, but this insight has not been examined systematically. This study demonstrates that SPIONs immobilized on 200 nm diameter poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles using Pickering emulsification present 18-fold higher relaxivity than encapsulated SPIONs and 1.5-fold higher relaxivity than free SPIONs. In contrast, the SPIONs immobilized on 10 mu m diameter PLGA particles exhibit a minor increase in MR relaxivity. This interesting finding will significantly impact current efforts to synthesize and assemble advanced MR contrast agents.