Langmuir, Vol.34, No.50, 15203-15210, 2018
Abnormal Rheological Phenomena in Newtonian Fluids in Electroosmotic Flows in a Nanocapillary
Abnormal rheological phenomena arising in Tris-borate-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid solutions (believed to be Newtonian fluids) were observed in direct current electroosmotic flows within a nanocapillary with a diameter of 200 nm under a low electric field of tens of volts per meter. In solutions with different concentrations and pH values, the flow behavior indices of the power-law fluids were calculated on the basis of current-voltage relations. When the electric field intensity was below a critical value of 6.7 V/m, the fluids exhibited dilatant (shear thickening) effects. Fluid viscosity changed with electric field intensity because the near-wall shear rate of an electroosmotic flow changes with electric field intensity via a power-law relation. When the electric field intensity surpasses the critical electric field, the fluid again becomes Newtonian and has constant viscosity. The investigation shows that in nanocapillaries, fluids commonly believed to be Newtonian can become non-Newtonian near walls as a result of strong nanoscale interfacial effects. The results can also improve our understanding of electroosmosis-related transport phenomena in nanofluidics and biomedical science.