- Previous Article
- Next Article
- Table of Contents
Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol.166, No.4, B236-B242, 2019
Electric Field-Induced DNA Melting with Detection by Square Wave Voltammetry
Here we demonstrate a purely electrochemical approach for monitoring the electric field-induced melting of surface-bound DNA duplexes tethered to gold surfaces using standard surface attachment chemistry, i.e. single thiol-Au bonds. The sensitivity of square wave voltammetry is combined with the electric fields generated during programmed sequences of chronoamperometric pulses to enable a method for DNA analysis that can be carried out at room temperature without need for parallel spectroscopic monitoring. Electrochemical melting curves are obtained using both scanning potential pulses and constant potential pulses, which are analyzed to assess duplex stability and the extent of thiol desorption. Themelting behavior is found to depend on the pulse potential and pule time. Under optimized conditions, thiol reduction is minimized and DNA duplexes can be discriminated based on the presence of a single base pair mismatch. The method is found to be less sensitive to the duplex length, presumably due to the rapid decay of the electric field away from the electrode surface. Based on these results, a simple model is proposed in which maintenance of the double-layer charge by accumulation of ions from the bulk of solution competes with electric field-induced loss of the negatively-charged DNA at a given applied potential. (c) The Author(s) 2019. Published by ECS.