Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol.140, No.51, 17968-17976, 2018
Extraordinary Dielectric Properties at Heterojunctions of Amorphous Ferroelectrics
Materials having a high dielectric constant are needed for a variety of electrical applications from transistors to capacitors. Ferroelectric amorphous-oxide (glass) alkali-ion electrolytes of composition A(2.99)Ba(0.005)ClO (A = Li, Na) are shown by two different types of measurement and different consistent analyses to have extraordinarily high dielectric constants, varying from 10(9) at 25 degrees C to 10(10) at 220 degrees C if the glass is properly conditioned. These anomalously high dielectric properties coexist with alkali-ion conductivities at 25 degrees C that are equivalent to those of the best organic-liquid electrolytes of a Li-ion cell, and cyclic voltammetry (CV) in a Au/glass electrolyte/Au cell is stable from -10 to +10 V. A model to interpret microscopically all the key features of the CV curves shows that the electric-double-layer capacitors that form at the gold/electrolyte interfaces in the Au/glass electrolyte/Au heterojunction reverse polarization at an applied voltage V = +/- 2.1 V, resulting in three almost equivalent discharging capacitances for a single physical capacitor from -10 to +10 V.