Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol.102, No.1, 98-103, 2019
Pressure-enhanced densification of TaC ceramics during flash spark plasma sintering
Flash spark plasma sintering (FSPS) offers extremely high heating rates to consolidate ceramics at a short time. However, significant grain growth sometimes occurs accompanied by rapid densification. In this work, a FSPS apparatus available for applying pressure was used to sinter TaC ceramics from powder compacts without preheating. It is found that the use of a higher pressure can efficiently promote densification and retard significant grain growth. Dense bulk TaC ceramics (95.18%) with average grain size of 4.09 mu m were obtained in 90 seconds under 80 MPa. Such a process should facilitate the fast preparation of refractory ceramics with fine-grained microstructure.