Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol.102, No.4, 1794-1804, 2019
A realization of excellent piezoelectricity and good thermal stability in CaBi2Nb2O9: Pseudo phase boundary
Phase boundaries (PBs) are known to contribute to the outstanding performances of lead-based and lead-free materials. However, a lack of PBs restricts the promotion of piezoelectric performance in bismuth layer-structured ferroelectrics (BLSFs). In this work, a pseudo PB, ie, pseudotetragonal distortion (regulated by Ce), is proposed to promote the piezoelectric properties of CaBi2Nb2O9-based ceramics, and an excellent piezoelectric constant (d(33)) of 20.2 pC/N with a high Curie temperature of 923 degrees C is obtained. Verified Ce incorporation into the (Bi2O2)(2+) layer alters the environment of the (Bi2O2)(2+) layer, thereby influencing the atomic displacement in the Nb-O octahedron and modulating the theoretical spontaneous polarization (P-s). Strengthening of the pseudotetragonal distortion is favorable to the polarization switching, and maintains the theoretical P-s of ceramics at a high level, thus realizing the promotion of d(33). Furthermore, pseudotetragonal distortion guarantees good thermal depoling performance of the ceramic, which remains at 89.6% (18.1 pC/N) of its initial d(33) after depoling at 875 degrees C. This work provides clear guidance on obtaining high d(33) and good thermal stability in BLSFs.